Are There Deer Resistant Plants?

1If they’re hungry enough, deer will eat anything.

Fairfax County has hungry deer. Understanding that deer will eat most plants is one of the first and most important rules to learn about gardening in Fairfax County. There are many lists swearing that deer will avoid certain species, but we’ve planted them, and deer have eaten them.

2A physical barrier, like an eight-to-ten-foot fence, can be effective at thwarting deer. Note that if deer know about the garden before the fence goes up, they’ll try to get in again. Another possibility is a shorter, double fence, perhaps four feet high. That may confuse deer enough to keep them out.

Not all homeowners’ associations in Fairfax allow fences, and not all budgets can hold one, so that brings us to the question of 3which plants to use. You can find some choices in the library at Green Spring Gardens. Following are some we like for their garden attributes and because they are native species.


The trick with trees is to get them tall enough to avoid damage from grazing. Tree protectors can help. They’re miniature fences that fit around individual trees.

Common Names: beech, birch, black locust, maples and oaks

Scientific Names: Fagus grandifolia (Beech), Betula Nigra (River Birch), Robinia pseudoacacia (Black Locust), Acer rubrum (Red Maple – beware, many cultivars are hybrids with non-native maples), Acer saccharinum (Silver Maple), Quercus alba (White Oak), Quercus phellos (Willow Oak).


Common Names: American Bayberry, Beautyberry, Sweet-bay Magnolia, Red Buckeye, Summersweet, and some viburnums (make sure they are a native, like Arrowood or Maple-leaf)

Scientific Names: Myrica cerifera (American bayberry), Callicarpa americana (Beautyberry), Magnolia virginiana var. australis (Sweet-bay Magnolia), Aesculus parvia (Red buckeye), Clethra alnifolia (Summersweet), and some viburnums (make sure they are a native, like Viburnum dentatum (Arrowood) or Viburnum acerfolium (Maple-leaf)).


Common Names: Anenome, Astilbe, Beardtounge, Bee balm, Big-root Geranium, Blazing Star, Blue Star, Celandine Poppy, Columbine, Orange Coneflower, False Indigo, Ferns, Foamflower, Goldenrod, Ironweed, Jack-in-the-pulpit, Joe-pye Weed, Lobelia, Obedient Plant, Partridgeberry, Phlox, Shooting Star, Skullcap, Tickseed, Trout Lily, Wild Ginger

Scientific Names: Thalictrum thalictroides (Rue Anemone), Astilbe biternata (Astilbe), Penstemon angustifolius (Beardtounge), Monarda didyma (Bee Balm), Geranium macrorrhizum (Big-root Geranium), Liatris spicata (Blazing Star), Amsonia ciliate (Blue Star), Stylophorum disphyllym (Celandine Poppy), Aquilegia canadensis (Columbine), Rudbeckia fulgida (Orange Coneflower), Baptisia australis (False Indigo), Pteridium aquilinum (Bracken Fern), Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon Fern), Tiarella cordifolia (Foamflower), Solidago ssp. (Goldenrod), Vernonia noveboracensis (Ironweed), Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit), Eupatorium purpureum (Joe Pye Weed), Lobelia cardinalis (Lobelia), Physostegia virginiana (Obedient Plant), Mitchella repens (Partridgeberry), Phlox paniculata (Phlox), Dodecatheon meadia (Shooting Star), Scutellaria ovata ssp. virginiana (Skullcap), Coreopsis lanceolata (Tickseed), Erythronium americanum (Trout Lily), Asarum canadense (Wild Ginger)

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About Fairfax County Park Authority

About Fairfax County Park Authority HISTORY: On December 6, 1950, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors created the Fairfax County Park Authority. The Park Authority was authorized to make decisions concerning land acquisition, park development and operations in Fairfax County, Virginia. To date, 13 park bond referenda have been approved between 1959 and 2016. Today, the Park Authority has 427 parks on more than 23,000 acres of land. We offer 325 miles of trails, our most popular amenity. FACILITIES: The Park system is the primary public mechanism in Fairfax County for the preservation of environmentally sensitive land and resources, areas of historic significance and the provision of recreational facilities and services including: • Nine indoor RECenters with swimming pools, fitness rooms, gyms and class spaces. Cub Run features an indoor water park and on-site naturalist • Eight golf courses from par-3 to championship level, four driving ranges including the new state-of-the-art heated, covered range at Burke Lake Golf Center • Five nature and visitor centers. Also nine Off-Leash Dog Activity areas • Three lakefront parks including Lake Fairfax, Lake Accotink and Burke Lake, with campgrounds at Burke Lake and Lake Fairfax. The Water Mine Family Swimmin’ Hole at Lake Fairfax, Our Special Harbor Sprayground at Lee as well as an indoor water park at Cub Run RECenter • Clemyjontri Park, a fully accessible playground in Great Falls featuring two acres of family friendly fun and a carousel, as well as Chessie’s Big Backyard and a carousel at the Family Recreation Area at Lee District Park • An ice skating rink at Mount Vernon RECenter and the Skate Park in Wakefield Park adjacent to Audrey Moore RECenter • Kidwell Farm, a working farm of the 1930s-era at Frying Pan Farm Park in Herndon, now with historic carousel • Eight distinctive historic properties available for rent • A working grist mill at Colvin Run in Great Falls and a restored 18th century home at Sully Historic Site in Chantilly • A horticulture center at Green Spring Gardens in Annandale • Natural and cultural resources protected by the Natural Resource Management Plan and Cultural Resource Plans, plus an Invasive Management Area program that targets alien plants and utilizes volunteers in restoring native vegetation throughout our community • Picnic shelters, tennis courts, miniature golf courses, disc golf courses, off-leash dog parks, amphitheaters, a marina, kayaking/canoeing center • Provides 263 athletic fields, including 39 synthetic turf fields, and manages athletic field maintenance services at 417 school athletic fields. PARK AUTHORITY BOARD: A 12-member citizen board, appointed by the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, sets policies and priorities for the Fairfax County Park Authority. Visit for Fairfax County Government's Comment Policy.

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