Do You Know Why There Are Leash Laws?

Don’t worry. He’s safe. My dog’s never hurt anyone.Dog 2 - Obedience

If we only had a nickel every time for that one, huh?

You know the rules and laws about dogs. Have a license. Keep dogs on a leash. Scoop the poop. Those are county and state laws.

Do you know the reasons behind them? Read on. You may learn things that will surprise you.

No matter how well trained a dog is, it still possesses the instincts of a dog. You can’t change that. Dogs will, at some point, react on instinct in ways people simply don’t expect.  Immaculately trimmed and superbly trained dogs have snapped at judges and pooped on center stage at dog shows. Telling yourself and others that “my dog doesn’t do that” is kidding yourself, because under the right circumstances, it will.

Dogs of all sizes will chase animals they view as prey or as a threat to themselves or their owners. Sometimes they investigate out of curiosity or out of a desire to play. We have seen the most mild-mannered, low-key dogs you can imagine bolt with explosive speed and power when a fox trots into their field of vision. We have seen dogs break into sprints when they catch sight of another dog they know, tragically without paying attention to the cars on the street they’re crossing. We know of unleashed dogs that have been bitten by snakes and chased by coyotes.

Dog 1 - AgilityThen there is simple courtesy. No other person knows what you know about your dog, and you can’t assume that other people think your dog is friendly. They don’t know if your dog is trained, or how well it is trained. There are people who don’t like dogs and who are afraid of dogs. You’re spoiling their park visit if they must stop what they’re doing because your dog is moving toward them. Someone else may be walking a dog that is smaller than your dog, and you’re not making any friends if that bigger dog is scaring another dog-walker’s pet.

There are people unfamiliar with dogs. They haven’t grown up with dogs or been around them frequently. They may intend to be friendly toward your dog, but they may do something the dog interprets as aggressive, such as place their face directly in front of your dog’s face. That’s inviting an instinctive attack. You can’t control what other people do around your pet, so you must control your dog to avoid conflicts.

Parks are filled with people of varying sensibilities taking part in different activities, and dogs off leash and running amid other park user activities isn’t neighborly. Without a leash, dog owners can’t restrict a dog’s movement, and some of those movements are risky and end in tragedy or, at the least, irritating inconvenience. We have heard of off-leash dogs returning to their owners for loving scratches and snuggles, and the owner has no idea the dog just romped through poison ivy. That spreads to the owner. Ouch!

And then there’s poop. This isn’t just about people stepping in dog poop, although that certainly is a factor. Someone else shouldn’t have to pick up your dog’s feces with a shoe because you didn’t pick it up with a plastic bag. Not scooping your dog’s poop is against county and state law. But there’s more to it.

A dog off leash is free to defecate in areas that the owner doesn’t see or can’t reach. Wildlife views your dog as a predator, and the scent of your dog’s feces affects wildlife behavior.

Parasites carried by many animals are left behind in feces and can cause diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, dehydration, rash, fever, cough, and even vision loss. Bacteria can be transmitted to animals or people who have open wounds or depressed immune systems. Feces wash into creeks and streams, causing contamination issues. Nutrients from dog feces add to weed and algae growth, which reduces water quality and threatens fish and invertebrates. If you or your dog wades into a stream, you have no idea what’s entered the water upstream and, unfortunately, many flowing streams in Fairfax County are environmentally-compromised in some way. The Fairfax County Health Department discourages the use of streams for contact recreational purposes because of potential health risks. A 2014 State Department of Environmental Quality report says that fecal bacteria are the most common pollutants in Virginia waters. Much of that is related to farms, but dogs adding to the problem doesn’t help. The county’s website says there are an estimated 87,000 registered dogs in Fairfax County. Imagine if there were no leash laws for them.

Some of those fecal bacteria problems can be avoided by the simple stewardship act of picking up the poop with a plastic bag. Throw the bag in an appropriate trash can, or flush the poop – not the bag – down a toilet. Water that goes down a toilet is later treated.

IMG_3515-editThis isn’t about writing tickets. It’s about stewardship – caring for your neighbor and your natural resources. The Fairfax County Park Authority welcomes dogs and cats on leash in parks. Walking in a park with a dog is an adventure for you and your pet, and you might see the park through new eyes. Your dog benefits from new smells and socializing with other dogs, and the time together is quality time that reassures your dog about its place in the home pack. FCPA’s off­leash areas are a great resource for exercising your dog in a safe, fenced environment.

In summary, keep your dog and others safe by keeping dogs on leash. Dogs off leash:

  • Can be injured
  • Can injure other dogs, wildlife, or people
  • Cause or contribute to accidents
  • Can approach small children in strollers in a manner that puts the child at risk
  • Chase, harm, or kill wildlife
  • Are breaking the law
  • Are more likely to be exposed to disease and infections caused by ticks, insects, water borne infections, and wildlife (i.e. rabies) or be sickened by chemicals (i.e. antifreeze on a parking lot), roadkill, insect stings, snake bite, or plant poisons.

Leashes are an easy way to avoid problems.

More info about dogs in parks

 The Fairfax County Park Authority hosts classes on dog obedience and dog agility. Search Parktakes for scheduled classes.

 Author John Shafer is the Park Manager at Ellanor C. Lawrence Park. Co-author David Ochs is the Manager of Stewardship Communications for the Fairfax County Park Authority’s Resource Management Division.

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About Fairfax County Park Authority

HISTORY: On December 6, 1950, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors created the Fairfax County Park Authority. The Park Authority was authorized to make decisions concerning land acquisition, park development and operations in Fairfax County, Virginia. To date, 11 park bond referenda have been approved between 1959 and 2008. Another Park Bond Referendum will be held in November 2012. Today, the Park Authority has 420 parks on approximately 23,168 acres of land. We offer 371 miles of trails, our most popular amenity. FACILITIES: The Park System is the primary public mechanism in Fairfax County for the preservation of environmentally sensitive land and resources, areas of historic significance and the provision of recreational facilities and services including: o Nine indoor RECenters with swimming pools, fitness rooms, gyms and class spaces. Cub Run features an indoor water park and on-site naturalist. o Eight golf courses including Laurel Hill, our newest, upscale course and clubhouse located in Southern Fairfax County o Five nature and visitor centers. Also seven Off-Leash Dog Activity areas o Several lakes including Lake Fairfax, Lake Accotink and Burke Lake, with campgrounds at Burke Lake and Lake Fairfax o The Water Mine Family Swimmin’ Hole at Lake Fairfax, Our Special Harbor Sprayground at Lee as well as an indoor water park at Cub Run RECenter o Clemyjontri Park, a fully accessible playground in Great Falls featuring two acres of family friendly fun and a carousel o An ice skating rink at Mount Vernon RECenter and the Skate Park in Wakefield Park adjacent to Audrey Moore RECenter o Kidwell Farm, a working farm of the 1930s era at Frying Pan Farm Park in Herndon, now with historic carousel o Eight distinctive historic properties available for rent o A working grist mill at Colvin Run in Great Falls and a restored 18th century home at Sully Historic Site in Chantilly o A horticulture center at Green Spring Gardens in Annandale o Natural and cultural resources protected by the Natural Resource Management Plan and Cultural Resource Plans, plus an Invasive Management Area program that targets alien plants and utilizes volunteers in restoring native vegetation throughout our community o Picnic shelters, tennis courts, miniature golf courses, disc golf courses, off-leash dog parks, amphitheaters, a marina, kayaking/canoeing center o Provides 274 athletic fields, including 30 synthetic turf fields, and manages athletic field maintenance services at 500 school athletic fields PARK AUTHORITY BOARD: • A 12-member citizen board, appointed by the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors, sets policies and priorities for the Fairfax County Park Authority. Visit http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/news2/social-hub/ for Fairfax County Government's Comment Policy.

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